- Base Shoe – A molding designed to be attached to base molding to cover expansion space. Similar to quarter round in profile.
- Beveled Edge – Usually found on prefinished, and presanded flooring. Basically defined as a small cut along the length of all four edges, at a 45 degree angle. This helps ensure that there will be no sharp or rough edges on the finished floor.
- – A unit of measurement of lumber represented by a board 1 foot long, 12 inches wide, and 1 inch thick or its cubic equivalent. In practice, the board foot calculation for lumber 1 inch or more in thickness is based on its nominal thickness and width and the actual length. Lumber with a nominal thickness of less than 1 inch is calculated as 1 inch.
- Crack – Anywhere there is a gap between two boards. Usually on the entire length of a seam.
- Crease – See Seam
- Crowning – A “convex” or “crowned” condition or appearance of individual strips, with the center of the strip higher than the edges. (Opposite of cupping.)
- Cupping – A “concave” or “dished” appearance of individual strips, with the edges raised above the center. (Opposite of crowning.)
- Filler – See Wood Filler
- Finish – A substance put onto wood floors to preserve them and protect them from moisture
- Lace In – The process of adding on to an old floor by ripping out some of the boards so that it appears as if the whole floor was installed at one time. Very labor intensive.
- Prefinished – Refers to wood that comes from the factory with finish already applied. See What to expect from Prefinished floors
- Putty – See Wood Putty
- Quarter Round – A type of baseboard/trim that can be most easily described as one quarter of a wooden dowel. It is usually about 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch tall and wide.
- Seam – Where two boards come together, either on the long side or short side of the boards.
- Site Finished – Refers to a wood floor that is sanded and finished after it is installed. See What to expect from Site Finished floors
- Wood Filler – A substance used to fill cracks or holes in wood. Designed to look and behave like wood once it is dry
- Wood Putty – Like wood filler, but not sandable or stainable. Wood putty never dries completely, but remains flexible in order to deal with the expansion and contraction of the wood.
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